An extraction is a last case scenario that is typically used when a tooth becomes diseased, suffers a trauma or is causing crowding.
An extraction simply is the removal of an entire tooth.
A common form of extraction is wisdom tooth extraction. This occurs typically as a preventative measure to open up more room in the mouth and to avoid them becoming impacted, erupted, or infected.
Other than wisdom tooth removal, having a tooth extracted is not recommended if techniques such as a root canal, or a having a crown installed, can save the existing tooth.
Wisdom Teeth Extraction
The decision to extract wisdom teeth is typically based on a number of factors.
The American Dental Association lists some of these factors as:
- Damage to adjacent teeth
- Gum disease
A major problem that can occur with wisdom teeth is that they don’t have enough room to grow and only partially emerge. When this happens, bacteria can get into the gums and end up being infected, or cause gum disease.
Another problem is that the teeth do not emerge and become impacted, causing pain.
Choosing to have your wisdom teeth extracted early on is a smart approach to preventing further issues. Adults will occasionally have their wisdom teeth extracted as well, but it’s typically a much more painful process and part of a more serious issue.